CULTURE

Like Katherine Dunham, Lillian Hellman, W.B. Seabrook, Erik Leonard Ekman, Alejo Carpentier, Selden Rodman, Noel Coward and Angeline Jolie, abundant individuals say that Haiti is the most beauteous bucolic in the Caribbean. Known as the "Magic Land", Haiti is top for its civilization. Certainly, Haiti its culture, its superstitions and its music. The superstitions or hoodoo the stage a profound duty in the lives of many an Haitians. The hoodoo was introduced into Haiti in the late 16th Century. Haiti is as well famous for its painting, and before i go for its wreck...for instance the Sans Souci Palace, the record familiar remains in the Caribbean. Exactly, this reticent mansion house is well thought out a Cultural Heritage for Humanity by UNESCO. Originally constructed by black slaves, now Sans Souci is one of Haiti's main tourist attractions.

Since the belated 1940s, Haitian painting, most favourable known as "naïve art" or "intuitive art", is high up all around the World. The most of import digit was Hector Hyppolite. His labour made its greatest wet in the United States in the 20th Century. Other artists celebrated internationally include Rigaud Benoit, Castera Bazile, Joseph Jean-Giles and Jean-Baptista Bottlex.Haiti is eminent for its traditionalist solid figure. The foremost Haitian sculpturer is Albert Mangoes.

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FAMOUS HAITIAN

Nelust Wyclef Jean (singer/Haitian-American): Original associate of 1990s hip hop knot The Fugees. Wyclef Jean is probably the most touristed Haitian lead singer of all occurrence. Jean was born in Croix des Bouquets (Haiti) on October 17, 1972. When he was fair ten geezerhood old, he touched to the United States. Under regulation of Wyclef Jean and Lauryn Hill, The Fugees had several hits in the 1990s, together with The Score (The Score album sold-out 6 million copies). Since 1997, Wyclef Jean, as soloist, became recognized on the global music scene. Like ballad maker and producer, Jean collaborated next to superstars as Santana, Withney Houston, Mick Jagger,Bono,Tevin Cambpell, Bounty Killer, Eric Benet, Sarah Connor, Claudette Ortiz, Tarkan, Michael Jackson, Youssou N´Dor, Shakira, Olga Tañon, Carlos Ponce and Julio Voltio. During the concluding 7 years, he has sold more than 10 large indefinite quantity albums worldwide. In 2002, his unique Masquerade was a acute natural event.

Since then, Wyclef Jean is a man that ever works with admire for Haiti, one of the World's worst countries. Recently, he makes possibly his most advantageous work: "Yele Haiti", a bedrock which plant for the human enhancement in the Island. Like Miriam Makeba in South Africa or Bianca Jagger in Nicaragua, Jean loves his roots. In an interrogatory for Magazine, Wyclef Jean discussed in the order of Haitian roots: "I am 100% Haitian. I am gratifying to be Haitian. I increasingly have my Haitian permission. I epitomize Haiti in everything that I do. Every director in the industry knows that I am Haitian...they cognise what I'm just about. I was Haitian forst. Haitian boulder clay die!", aforementioned Jean.

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Discography: Wyclef Jean Present the Carnival Featuring the refugee All-Stars (1997) / The Ecleftic:2 Sides II a Book/ Masquerade (2002) / The Preacher's (2003)/ Sak Pasé Presents: Creole 101( 2004) /Hips Don't Lie (with Shakira, 2006).

FAMOUS HAITIAN WOMEN

Michaëlla Jean (Governor-General of Canada)/ Yvonne Neptune (former Prime Minister)/Claudette Werleigh (Prime Minister 1995-1996)/Lina Blanchet (singer)/ Edwidge Danticat (writer)/ Michelle Bennett Duvalier(First Lady of Haiti 1981-1986)/ Luce Turnier (painter)/ Ertha Pascal-Trouillot (Head of State 1990-1991)/ Marie Casimir (journalist) / Sonia Sekula (Painter) / Marie Chauvet (writer)/ Suzanne Comhaire-Sylvain (writer)/ Carmen Brouard (singer)/Dayana Bennett (journalist and player) / Elie Price (singer)/ Blanche Bosselman (singer)/ Lina Mathon (singer)/ Georgette Moliere (singer)/ Simone Ovide Duvalier (First Lady of Haiti 1957-1981)/ Marleine Bastien (human rights ruler)/ Garcelle Beauvais (actress and exemplary)/ Deborah Saint-Phard (track and parcel of land)/ Antoinette Gauthier (track and piece of land), Louise Pierre (track and area)/ Rose Gauthier (track and parcel)

Edwidge Danticat (writer): One of the Caribbean's furthermost established writers in the 21st Century. She has scrivened individual novels and collections of geological formation stories, together with Kri? Kra!, nominative for a National Book Award. Danticat attracted sophisticated awareness in 1997 when she wrote peradventure her best notable fresh Farming of the Bones, a subject matter in the order of genocide Haitians lower than the restrictive stalinism of Rafael Leonidas Trujillo.

Garcelle Beauvais (actress): She is the eldest Haitian thespian to household name on broadcasting. Although she has lived in the United States for masses years, the player and previous way worthy Garcelle Beauvais was foaled in Saint Marc, a urban in Haiti, in 1966. She is possibly finest illustrious for her duty as Francesca Monroe on TV's the Jamie Foxx Show. Like Gerthie David, Joelle Apollon, Evelyn Miot, and Marjorie Vincent, she has the classic attractiveness of the Haitian black woman

SPECIAL AWARDS

Gerthie David "The Black Goddess"

In 1975, several Haitian population were horrified to get underway their reporters and see photographs of Gerthie David Miss Haiti in El Salvador. On the nighttime of July 19th 1975, in San Salvador, Gerthie David, Miss Haiti, was the second dark woman to opening contender in the ancient times of Miss Universe Pageant. After ahead the Miss Haiti title, Gerthie went to San Salvador, the assets borough of El Salvador, to enter the Miss Universe Contest. The competence was exhausting, tremendously hard, for first of its kind Miss Bolivia, Jackeline Gammarra, large favorite, was eliminated. This day, Miss Haiti looks like a achromatic deity. Her foreign make-up and disarming personality are amazing! At 1,72m in height, she was the best ever in the day frock competition, but her sermon astir the Haitian superstitions swayed thousands of applauses in the 25th Edition of the Contest. Certainly, Miss Haiti jailed to the magistrates Sarah Vaughan (American black vocalist), Maribel Arrieta (Miss El Salvador 1955 and First competition at Miss Universe 1955), Jean Claude Killy (French sportsmen) and Leon Uris(American contributor ).

When Bob Barker, the adult this pageant, announces the terminal placements, Gerthie was cheered by the entire area. Suddenly, her impulse charge per unit youth subculture at one thousand per infinitesimal... "First competition is Miss Haiti!", said Barker. She was one of the record exotic delegates in all yesteryear of Miss Universe. In the 1970s, Gerthie David was a prototype from Port-au Prince and she became a signal to the Haitian juvenile.
Next months, in London, Joelle Apollon, Miss Haiti-World, came in ordinal function at Miss World 1975.After 16 years, Marjorie Vincent, once Miss Illinois 1991,won the heading of Miss America Pageant. The introductory Miss America to become from the Caribbean. In else words, Marjorie Vincent has Haitian roots. Furthermore, she was the ordinal black adult female to win the pageant.

SPORTS

Like in Brazil or Italy, the field game is the maximum uncultured recreation in Haiti. Certainly, the national recreation is the field game. A diverse of the Dominican Republic or Puerto Rico, the Haitian nation don't like the ball. In the 20th Century, football became the supreme having mass appeal diversion in the Island, gratefulness to specified heroes as Sylvio Cator, Joseph Gaetjens and Emmanuel Sanon. In 1974 Haiti well-qualified for the World Cup in Germany.

Emmanuel Sanon was one of the Haiti's record desirable players and compete at the 1974 World Cup. Sanon made a acute share to Haitian contact sport because he contend in more World Cup qualifiers any other Haitian. He is still impressively touristed with district fans. Other extraordinary endowment was Joseph Eduard Gaetjens. He portrayed both Haiti and the United States. He ready-made FIFA World Cup History: When scored United States introductory end in the 1950 World Cup in opposition England. Joseph came to the United States in the 1940s to leap in the American Soccer League. His lovely dramatic work in the Brookhattan Club made in a national luminary. In 1953, he vie for Haiti for the first event.

It's practically unthinkable to verbalize in the order of Haitian athletes without mentioning Sylvio Cator. He is a saga in this recreation. Cator won the metallic medallion in the long-range leap at 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. Cator returned habitation to a hero's generosity. From 1928 to 1930, he was transcription man in the agelong bound. Cator was a wondrous jersey and player. He also vie an eminent part in popularizing contact sport in the Island (it was the head of Haitian National Team).

Since then, he is an section for babyish grouping in Haiti. He died in November 1938, but today the group of Haiti unmoving feel of him next to obsequiousness. Many time of life after Cator's death, the National Stadium in Por-au-Prince was renamed in his accolade. Cator was the initial of the intense Caribbean sportsmen that would go to dominate world line and piece of ground.

FAMOUS ATHLETES

Bruny Surin (Canada-Haiti/track piece of ground)/ Edrick Floreal (Canada-Haiti/track paddock)/ Samuel Dalembert ( USA-Haiti/basketball) / Ronald Agenor (USA-Haiti/tennis)/ Sylvio Cator (track and tract)/ Yves Jeudy (Box)/ Dieudonne Lamothe (marathon)/ Ludovic Augustin (shooting)/ Ludovic Volborge (shooting)/ Joseph Eduard Gaetjens (Haiti-USA/football)/ Dudley Dorival (track piece of ground)/ Fitz Plantin Andre (football)/ Emmanuel Sanon (football)/ Josmer Altidore (Haitian-American/football).

Dudley Dorival (track and tract): Dudley Dorival was born on 1 September 1975 in Elizabeth (New Jersey, USA). Dorival is the son of Haitian parents and got Haitian status fitting in juncture for the XXVII Summer Olympics Games. Since the 2000 Olympics, Dudley Dorival has competed in internationalistic competitions beneath the ensign of Haiti. In Sydney (Australia) Dorival ended 7th in the 110m hurdling. He became the premier Haitian to Olympic rival since Yves Jeudy (boxer) in 1976. He won the grey decoration at the 1994 World Junior Championship, the bronzy at the 2001 World Chanpionship and the golden award at the 2002 Central American and Caribbean Games El Salvador. Dorival is one of the privileged sport in the earlier period of Haiti.

REFERENCES:

-Bennet Patterson, Carolyn."Haiti: Beyond mountains, much mountains", National Geographic, Washington DC, January 1976

-Bishop,Randa. "Imponentes monumentos haitianos", Americas, Washington DC, enero-febrero 1987

-Cobb,Charles. "Haiti opposed to all odds", National Geographic, November 1987

-Encyclopaedia Britannica Book of the Year 1981, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, 1980

-Encyclopaedia Britannica Almanac 2003, Encyclopaedia Britannica, Chicago, 2002

-Guevara Onofre, Alejandro. Enciclopedia Mundototal 1999, Editorial San Marcos, Lima, 1998

-Hunter, Brian. The Statesman's Year-Book 1991-92, The Macmillan Press, 1991

-Moritz, Charles. Current Biography Yearbook 1972, H.W Wilson Company, NY

-Sconfield, John. "Haiti-West Africa in the West Indies", National Geographic, Washington DC, February 1961

-The International Who's Who 1996-97, Europe Publications, London, 1996

-The World Almanac 2001, World Almanac Books, New Jersey, 2001

-Tibballs, Geoff. The Olympics´ strangest moments, Robson Books, London, 2004

-Vargas Llosa, Mario. "Haití: la muerte", El Comercio, Lima, 25.4.1994

-Visión. "Imperio del Poder Vitalicio", Santiago de Chile, 17 de marzo de 1967

-Wallechinsky, David. The unqualified Book of the Olympics, Aurum Press, London, 2004

-Wallechinsky, David-Wallace, Irving. The People's Almanac2, Batam Book Inc

-"1975 El Salvador Miss Universe" (video)

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